Ushul Fiqh Abu Zahrah: A Classic Text on Islamic Jurisprudence
Ushul Fiqh Abu Zahrah is a book written by Muhammad Abu Zahrah (1898-1974), a prominent Egyptian scholar of Islamic law and theology. The book is considered one of the most comprehensive and authoritative works on the principles of Islamic jurisprudence (ushul fiqh), which are the methods and sources of deriving legal rulings from the Quran and the Sunnah.
The book covers various topics such as the definition and objectives of ushul fiqh, the classification and interpretation of legal evidences, the role and types of consensus (ijma'), analogy (qiyas), juristic preference (istihsan), public interest (maslahah), custom (urf), presumption of continuity (istishab), blocking the means (sadd al-dhara'i'), legal maxims (qawa'id fiqhiyyah), abrogation (naskh), and other issues related to the development and application of Islamic law.
The book also discusses the views and contributions of the four major schools of Sunni jurisprudence (Hanafi, Maliki, Shafi'i, Hanbali) as well as other schools and scholars such as the Zahiri, Shi'i, Mu'tazili, Ash'ari, Maturidi, and Sufi. The book is based on Abu Zahrah's extensive research and analysis of classical and contemporary sources, as well as his own opinions and insights.
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Ushul Fiqh Abu Zahrah is a valuable resource for students and scholars of Islamic law, as well as anyone interested in learning about the foundations and principles of Islamic jurisprudence. The book is available in Arabic and has been translated into several languages, including English, Indonesian, Malay, Urdu, and Turkish. The book can also be downloaded for free in PDF format from various websites.
One of the distinctive features of Ushul Fiqh Abu Zahrah is that it adopts a comparative and critical approach to the study of ushul fiqh. Abu Zahrah does not merely present the opinions of different schools and scholars, but he also evaluates them based on their evidences, arguments, and implications. He also highlights the points of agreement and disagreement among them, as well as the areas of diversity and flexibility within Islamic law.
Another feature of Ushul Fiqh Abu Zahrah is that it reflects Abu Zahrah's awareness and appreciation of the historical and social context of Islamic law. Abu Zahrah recognizes that Islamic law is not static or rigid, but dynamic and adaptable to changing circumstances and needs. He also acknowledges the role and influence of human factors such as culture, politics, economics, and ethics on the development and application of Islamic law.
Ushul Fiqh Abu Zahrah is not only a theoretical and academic work, but also a practical and relevant one. Abu Zahrah demonstrates how ushul fiqh can be used to address contemporary issues and challenges facing Muslims in various fields such as family, finance, education, health, environment, human rights, and international relations. He also provides examples and case studies to illustrate how Islamic law can be applied in different situations and scenarios. 29c81ba772